Kingdom of Taliwang / Isl. of Sumbawa – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Barat

The kingdom of Taliwang was a kingdom under the power of the Sultanate of Sumbawa. Located on the island of Sumbawa, prov. Nusa Tengara Barat.

Island of Sumbawa

Location island of Sumbawa


* Foto kingdom of Taliwang: link
* Foto kingdoms on Sumbawa: link
* Foto ancient sites on Sumbawa: link


About the king

Datu (king) Taliwang: Raja Muda Kesultanan Sumbawa Kedatuan Taliwang.
Installed oktober 2015.

September 2015: Traditional Council of ‘Bate Salapanga RI Gowa’ planned to officially inaugurate the Raja Muda of Sumbawa Sultanate of Taliwang Kemal Telu Trah Gowa Tallo, Dewa Dalam Bawa Dynasty, around mid-October. The inauguration was made following the appointment, Sahril Amin Karaeng Bonto Langkasa as the Raja Muda of Sumbawa Sultanate by Datu Taliwang, H Andi Azisi Amin Daeng Paewa. Andi Azisi is the holder of Decree (SK) of Bate Selaparang Traditional Council of Gowa Kingdom. “The inauguration was attended by at least 25 kings of the archipelago centered at the Jami Al-falah Taliwang Mosque,” said Raja Muda, Sahril Amin.
– Source: http://www.samawarea.com/2015/09/raja-muda-sumbawa-siap-dilantik-dihadiri-25-raja-nusantara/


History of the kingdom

Around the 16th century the territories and kingdoms located on the island of Sumbawa, were: the Kingdom of Bima, Kingdom of Dompu, Kingdom of Sumbawa, Kingdom of Taliwang, Kingdom of Seran, and the surrounding small kingdoms. Formerly the territory of the Majapahit Kingdom was a kingdom that embraces Hindu-Buddhist teachings. However, around the 17th century Islam entered the island of Sumbawa brought by the kingdom of Goa-Talo Sulawesi. The kingdom of Goa-Talo who managed to Islamize the kingdoms on the island of Sumbawa.
The Taliwang kingdom is one of 3 vazal-states (Kemutar Telu), under the rule of the Sumbawa Sultanate. And the other two are the kingdom of Seran and the kingdom of Jereweh.
Taliwang Kingdom formerly consisted of 3 kingdoms, namely Jereweh Kingdom led by King Magaparang, Taliwang Kingdom led by Datu Taliwang and Seran Kingdom led by Datu Seran.

Kemutar Telu, the kingdoms of Seran, Taliwang and Jereweh had as a symbol of shelter under the rule of the Kingdom of Sumbawa  eight kinds of obligations, according to the customary term “Sonang lawang blau balu” (through door eight) namely:

* First: Nguri (an offering of money in a certain number according to the position of each official to the king, if the King overwritten / like.
* Second: Join kuta (fort) of Sumbawa country, make “In” wall and collect logs.
* Third: Collecting cloth and people, and join the King when visiting Makassar.
* Fourth: Bring delivery (customary term: perisi or press tonang) and attend the death ceremony.
* Fifth: Equal to four at the marriage ceremony, circumcision and so on.
* Sixth: Make work on dams and gullies with people from Mata to Sekongkang
* Seventh: Give help in case of war
* Eighth: Pay the coffin money.


Short history of the island of Sumbawa

The 14th-century Nagarakretagama mentioned several principalities identified to be on Sumbawa; Dompu, Bima, Sape and Sang Hyang Api volcanic island just offcoast of northeast Sumbawa. Four principalities in western Sumbawa were dependencies of the Majapahit Empire of eastern Java. Because of Sumbawa’s natural resources, it was regularly invaded by outside forces – from Javanese, Balinese, Makassarese, Dutch and Japanese. The Dutch first arrived in 1605, but did not effectively rule Sumbawa until the early 20th century.
The Balinese kingdom of Gelgel ruled western Sumbawa for a short period as well. The eastern parts of the island were also home to the Sultanate of Bima, an Islamic polity that had links to Bugis and Makasarese people of South Sulawesi, as well as other Malay-Islamic polities in the archipelago.Historical evidence indicates that people on Sumbawa island were known in the East Indies for their honey, horses, sappan wood for producing red dye, and sandalwood used for incense and medications. The area was thought to be highly productive agriculturally.

In the 18th century, the Dutch introduced coffee plantation on the western slopes of Mount Tambora, a volcano on the north side of Sumbawa, thus creating the Tambora coffee variant. Tambora’s colossal eruption in 1815 was one of the most powerful of all time, ejecting 150 cubic kilometres (36 cu mi) of ash and debris into the atmosphere. The eruption killed up to 71,000 people and triggered a period of global cooling known as the “Year Without a Summer” in 1816. It also apparently destroyed a small culture of Southeast Asian affinity, known to archaeologists as the “Tambora culture”.

Kingdoms on Sumbawa


Old map of Sumbawa (Cambaua)

Klik here for old maps of Sumbawa 1598, 1606 Sumbawa / Nusantara, 1614, 1615, 1697 Sumbawa / Nusantara 1800-an, 1856, 1856, 1910.

Sumbawa 1615


Source Taliwang (only indon. language)

Tentang kedatuan Taliwang: link
– Tentang kedatuan Taliwang: http://kabarntb.com/kesultanan-sumbawa-kedatuan-taliwang-luruskan-sejarah/
Tentang kedatuan Taliwang: http://disparekraf.sumbawabaratkab.go.id/makam-datu-seran.
– Tentang Kemutar Telu: https://kombotaliwang.wordpress.com/sejarah/

– Raja Muda Kesultanan Sumbawa Kedatuan Taliwang akan dilantik oktober 2015: http://www.samawarea.com/2015/09/raja-muda-sumbawa-siap-dilantik-dihadiri-25-raja-nusantara/

Source history island of Sumbawa (only indon. language)

– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: https://ihinsolihin.wordpress.com/artikel/sejarah-raja-pemerintahan-di-sumbawa/
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: http://sejarahini.blogspot.co.id/2013/06/sejarah-singkat-pulau-sumbawa.html
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: http://www.galeribudaya.com/2017/10/sejarah-pulau-sumbawa.html
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: http://lsotour.blogspot.co.id/2012/01/sejarah-singkat-sumbawa.html