Kingdoms in the region Simalungun, Prov. Sumatera Utara

The Simalungun area is located on Sumatera, district of Simalungun, prov. North Sumatera.

Provinsi of North Sumatera

District of Simalungun


* Foto’s kingdoms in Simalungun region: link


History of the kingdoms

Google translation

Batak Simalungun is one of the sub tribes of the Batak People in the province of North Sumatra, who settled in the district of Simalungun and surrounding areas. Some sources claim, that the ancestor came from South India, but this is a matter, that is being debated. Throughout the history this tribe was divided into several kingdoms. The original clan of the population of Simalungun is Damanik, and 3 immigrant clans are Saragih, Sinaga and Purba. These 4 clans became major clans in Simalungun.

In its history there are 3 (three) phases of kingdoms, that once ruled and reigned in Simalungun.
The first phase is the two kingdom phase (harajaon na dua):

NB: Marga = Clan

* Kingdom of Nagur (marga Damanik) dan
* Kingdom of Batanghio (marga Saragih).

The second phase is the phase of 4 kingdoms:

* Kingdom of Siantar (marga Damanik),
* Kingdom of Panai (marga Purba Dasuha),
* Kingdom of Silau (marga Purba Tambak), dan
Kingdom of Tanoh Jawa (marga Sinaga).

The third phase is the phase of 7 kingdoms:

* Kingdom of Siantar (marga Damanik),
Kingdom of Panai (marga Purba Dasuha),
* Kingdom of Silau (marga Purba Tambak),
Kingdom of Tanoh Jawa (marga Sinaga),
Kingdom of Raya (marga Saragih Garingging),
Kingdom of Purba (marga Purba Pakpak) dan
* Kingdom of Silimakuta (marga Purba Girsang) (Damanik, 2010:1-2).

This third phase begins with the actions of the Dutch government to form a government in the Simalungun region, by treating Belsuit Governor General of the Dutch East Indies Stbl. No 531 of 1906 with the arrangement of seven Kingdoms, called “Napal Kings”.

Map of kingdoms in Sumatera Utara, 19th century


List of kingdoms in Simalungun area

* Aji Sinombah
* Bandar
* Batanghio
* Dolog Silou
* Maligas
* Marompat
* Marpitu
* Marubun
* Nagori Bayu
* Nagur
* Panei
* Purba
* Raya
* Siantar
* Sidabutar
* Sidamanik
* Silimakuta
* Silou Kahean
* Silou
* Sipolha
* Tanoh Jawa

District of Simalungun today, with boundaries old kingdoms


Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Simalungun:  http://uun-halimah.blogspot.co.id/2007/12/raja-dan-kerajaan-di-simalungun.html
Sejarah kerajaan Simalungun:  http://awisaragih.blogspot.co.id/2011/03/kerajaan-simalungun-dan-siantar.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Simalungun: http://tondangmargana.blogspot.co.id/2013/02/sejarah-singkat-kerajaan-kerajaan.html
———————
– Suku Simalungun di Wiki: Wiki
Marga marga Simalungun:   https://batakculture.wordpress.com/2012/02/27/marga-marga-di-simalungun/
Sejarah marga Purba di Wiki: Wiki
Sejarah marga Saragih di Wiki: Wiki
Sejarah marga Sinaga di Wiki:  Wiki
Sejarah marga Damanik di Wiki: Wiki
Asal usul bangsa Simalungun: link


 

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