The Simalungun area is located on Sumatera, district of Simalungun, prov. North Sumatera.
* Foto’s kingdoms in Simalungun region: link
History of the kingdoms
Batak Simalungun is one of the sub tribes of the Batak People in the province of North Sumatra, who settled in the district of Simalungun and surrounding areas. Some sources claim, that the ancestor came from South India, but this is a matter, that is being debated. Throughout the history this tribe was divided into several kingdoms. The original clan of the population of Simalungun is Damanik, and 3 immigrant clans are Saragih, Sinaga and Purba. These 4 clans became major clans in Simalungun.
In its history there are 3 (three) phases of kingdoms, that once ruled and reigned in Simalungun.
The first phase is the two kingdom phase (harajaon na dua):
NB: Marga = Clan
The second phase is the phase of 4 kingdoms:
The third phase is the phase of 7 kingdoms:
* Kingdom of Siantar (marga Damanik),
* Kingdom of Panai (marga Purba Dasuha),
* Kingdom of Silau (marga Purba Tambak),
* Kingdom of Tanoh Jawa (marga Sinaga),
* Kingdom of Raya (marga Saragih Garingging),
* Kingdom of Purba (marga Purba Pakpak) dan
* Kingdom of Silimakuta (marga Purba Girsang) (Damanik, 2010:1-2).
This third phase begins with the actions of the Dutch government to form a government in the Simalungun region, by treating Belsuit Governor General of the Dutch East Indies Stbl. No 531 of 1906 with the arrangement of seven Kingdoms, called “Napal Kings”.
Map of kingdoms in Sumatera Utara, 19th century
List of kingdoms in Simalungun area
* Aji Sinombah
* Dolog Silou
* Nagori Bayu
* Silou Kahean
* Tanoh Jawa
District of Simalungun today, with boundaries old kingdoms
Source (only indon. language)
– Sejarah kerajaan Simalungun: http://uun-halimah.blogspot.co.id/2007/12/raja-dan-kerajaan-di-simalungun.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Simalungun: http://awisaragih.blogspot.co.id/2011/03/kerajaan-simalungun-dan-siantar.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Simalungun: http://tondangmargana.blogspot.co.id/2013/02/sejarah-singkat-kerajaan-kerajaan.html
– Suku Simalungun di Wiki: Wiki
– Marga marga Simalungun: https://batakculture.wordpress.com/2012/02/27/marga-marga-di-simalungun/
– Sejarah marga Purba di Wiki: Wiki
– Sejarah marga Saragih di Wiki: Wiki
– Sejarah marga Sinaga di Wiki: Wiki
– Sejarah marga Damanik di Wiki: Wiki
– Asal usul bangsa Simalungun: link