Kingdom of Seulimeum Mukim XXII / Sumatera – Prov. Aceh, Kab. Aceh Besar

The kingdom of Seulimeum XXII Mukim was located on Sumatera, Prov. Aceh, District Aceh Besar.
During the sultanate of Aceh this kingdom was a vassal or subordinate to the sultan of Aceh and was led by the king who had the title of Uleebalang.
After the end of the Aceh War, in 1914, the small kingdoms entered an Onderafdeling as “swapraja”.

Location prov. of Aceh

District of Aceh Besar


* Foto Aceh: Sultanate of Aceh Darussalem: link
* Foto Aceh: kings of small kingdoms in Aceh: link
*
Foto Aceh: Aceh in the past: link
*
Foto Aceh: War Aceh-belanda (1873-1903): link


About the federation Sagi XXII Mukim

In the Aceh region of Rayeuk (District Aceh Besar now), was a form of government called Sagoe or Sagi. The entire region of Aceh Rayeuk was incorporated into three Sagi, which can be regarded as three federations. The three Sagoe or Sagi were named:
1. Sagi XXII Mukim, consisted of 22 mukim.
2. Siva XXV Mukim, consisted of 25 mukim
3. Sagi XXVI Mukim, consisted of 26 Mukim
The leader was called Panglima Sagoe or Panglima Sagi, from generation to generation, they also hold the title of Uleebalang.
They were appointed as Panglima Sagi by the Sultan of Aceh, who gave them a stamp of the Kingdom of Aceh known as Cap Sikureung.

Sitting second from right an important ruler of the area Aceh Besar. Oldest son
T Ibrahim, is sitting second from left. Published in magazine Eigen Haard 1898.
– Sumber: donald tick, Facebook


About the war with the dutch

Google translation

July 1896 the XXII Mukim area, the place where Sultan Muhammad Daud Syah stayed, was under attack by the Dutch. This attack forced the Sultan of Aceh to withdraw to the Seulimeum on 29 July 1896. The Commander of Polim and his counselor T. Moeda Ali bin T. Ayer-Alang, the Imams Gle jueng and Tanah-Abe, besides T Musa Anak-Bate, Brahim-Montassik T. and T. Moeda-Daud make defense.

The Dutch with a force of 1.5 infantry battalions attacked the Seulimeum area after learning of the existence of the Sultan of Aceh there. Because of the attack, in September the Sultan moved to Pidie. Along with the removal of Sultan Muhammad Daud Shah to Pidie, then in order to uphold the rights, dignity and dignity of the people of Aceh, Polem Commander along with his troops went straight to the XXII Mukim mountains. They were trying to strengthen the fortress in the region.

From the beginning of September until the end of October 1896 the Dutch attacked XXII Mukim. The Dutch could demolish the strongholds of Aceh, until they succeeded in occupying Jantho. Facing the fact that the Commander of Polem along with his troops began to make calculations with the Dutch troops, mainly by way of guerilla while establishing strongholds in the mountains Seulimeum. From here Panglima Polem succeeded in occupying Kuta Ba’Teue (Adi Fa).


About the small kingdoms under the sultanate of Aceh

* List of Uleebalang, 1914: link
* List of Uleebalang, 1940: link

The western part of the kingdom of Aceh Darussalam was opened and built in the 16th century on the initiative of Sultan Saidil Mukamil (Sultan of Aceh who lived between 1588-1604), followed by Sultan Iskandar Muda (Sultan of Aceh who lived in 1607-1636) the Acehnese Rayeuk and Pidie.
The first bustling area was at Meulaboh bay (Pasi Karam) ruled by a king who was titled Teuku Keujruen Meulaboh, and Negeri Daya (District Jaya) which at the end of the 15th century had established a kingdom with its king is Sultan Salatin Alaidin Riayat Shah with the title Poteu Meureuhom Daya.
The area of West Aceh at the end of the 17th century had developed into several small kingdoms led by a Uleebalang, namely: Kluang; Lamno; Kuala Lambeusoe; Kuala Daya; Kuala Unga; Babah Awe, and many more.

The structure of government of the small kingdoms

1) Gampong, the leader was called Geucik or Keuchik. The smallest territorial area of the government structure in Aceh was the Gampong. A Gampong consisted of groups of houses adjacent to each other.
The leader of the gampong was called Geucik or Keuchik, who was assisted by a proficient in religious matters, as Teungku Meunasah.
2) Mukim, the leader was called Imum Mukim. The larger territorial area of government was the Mukim. The Mukim was a combination of several gampongs, which were located nearby.
The leader of Mukim was called Imum Mukim. He was the one who coordinated the village (gampong) heads or Keuchik-Keuchik.
3) Sago or Sagoe, the leader was called Commander Sagoe or Panglima Sagi. In the Aceh region of Rayeuk (District Aceh Besar now), was a form of government called Sagoe or Sagi. The entire region of Aceh Rayeuk was incorporated into three Sagi, which can be regarded as three federations. The three Sagoe or Sagi were named:
1. Sagi XXII Mukim, consisted of 22 mukim.
2. Siva XXV Mukim, consisted of 25 mukim
3. Sagi XXVI Mukim, consisted of 26 Mukim
The leader was called Panglima Sagoe or Panglima Sagi, from generation to generation, they also hold the title of Uleebalang.
They were appointed as Panglima Sagi by the Sultan of Aceh, who gave them a stamp of the Kingdom of Aceh known as Cap Sikureung.
4) Nangroe, the leader was called Uleebalang. Another form of royal territory found in Aceh was called Nangroe or Negeri. This Nangroe was actually a conquered area of the Kingdom of Aceh and was located outside Aceh Inti or Aceh Rayeuk.
The leadership of Nangroe was called Uleebalang, which was established by tradition for generations.
The
Uleebalang was the Head of State of the small kingdoms who were very powerful. However, when they assume the position of Uleebalang in their area, they had to be approved by the Sultan of Aceh. The Appointment Letter was called Sarakata and stamped with the stamp of the Kingdom of Aceh, Cap Sikureung.
5) The Sultan. The highest level in the government structure of the Kingdom of Aceh was the central government based in the royal capital, formerly known as Bandar Aceh Dar as Salam. The head of the central government was the Sultan who had the title of Tuanku.

Map of the small kingdoms in Aceh 1917


Source (only indon. language)

– Uleebalang di Aceh: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kesultanan_Aceh#Ul.C3.A8.C3.ABbalang_.26_Pembagian_Wilayah
– Uleebalang di kesultanan Aceh: https://www.kompasiana.com/ruslan./siapakah-uleebalang_552c324c6ea83444128b4580
– Sejarah Uleebalang: https://www.facebook.com/boy.adityamawardi/posts/771874096190147
– Struktur pemerintahan kesultanan Aceh: http://febasfi.blogspot.co.id/2012/11/struktur-atau-lembaga-pemerintahan.html
– Struktur pemerintahan kesultanan Aceh: http://helmiyymailcom.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/struktur-pemerintahaan-kerajaan-aceh.html
– Struktur pemerintahan kesultanan Aceh: http://wartasejarah.blogspot.co.id/2013/07/kerajaan-aceh.html
– Tentang uleebalang: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ul%C3%A8%C3%ABbalang


Foto

Ruler of Seulimeum. Source: Magazine Eigen Haard 1897-page 765 — donald tick, Facebook

Teuku Muda Dawot, ulee balang Seulimum 22 mukim


 

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