Kingdom of Bungabali / Isl. of Alor – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur

The kingdom of Bungabali is located on the island of Alor, prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur.

Location island of Alor


* Foto kingdoms on the island of Alor: link


History of the kingdom of Bungabali

One of the kingdoms in the territory of the Alor Islands was the Kingdom of Bungabali (Alor) led by the Nampira dynasty. Before the Nampira dynasty came to power, this kingdom was led by King Kawiha Toeli. The kingdom of Bungabali (Alor) had a vast territory.
King Kawiha Toeli is one of the kings who reigned in the Kingdom of Bungabali (Alor). He ruled from 1903 to 1908. King Kawiha Toeli’s rule ended when Dutch intervention against local rulers and took power from the hands of local rulers. In 1912 there was a transfer of power from King Kawiha Toeli in Bungabali (Great Alor now) to the Nampira dynasty in Dulolong. The Dutch colonial government preferred Nampira Bukang to become King Bungabali (Alor) because he was educated and fluent in Dutch. As compensation, the crown prince of Tulimau was appointed as Kapitan Overtime.
King Kawiha Toeli’s power in the Bungabali Kingdom (Alor) ended when the Dutch arrived at Alor and interfered in the kingdom’s affairs and transferred King Kawiha Toeli’s power to the Nampira Dynasty. Therefore, this study was conducted to reveal about the transfer of power from King Kawiha Toeli to the Nampira Dynasty.


Kingdoms on the island of Alor

* Kerajaan Abui,
* Kerajaan Alor,
* Kerajaan Batulolong,
* Kerajaan Bungabali,
* Kerajaan Kolana,
* Kerajaan Kui,
* Kerajaan Mataru,
* Kerajaan Munaseli,
* Kerajaan Pandai,
* Kerajaan Pureman.

History of the island of Alor

More than 15 different indigenous languages are spoken on Alor, the majority of them classified as Papuan or non-Austronesian. These include Abui, Adang, Hamap, Kabola, Kafoa, Woisika, Kelon, and Kui. In addition, Alorese is a Malayo-Polynesian language.

In a grave on Alor, five fishhooks were found under the chin and jaw of a woman, dating back to 12,000 years.
The Portuguese were the first Europeans in the region in the 16th century. Alor was then considered the home of cannibals, who did not want to be converted to Catholic Christianity. Only later did Calvinists succeed in converting part of the population. Previously, Islam could establish itself in parts of the island. In Greater Alor (Alor Besar), a 12th-century Koran is kept, which was brought here in 1500 from the Moluccan island of Ternate by five missionaries.
In 1851, Portuguese Governor José Joaquim Lopes de Lima, without authorization from Lisabon, sold Portugal’s claims of the Alor Archipelago and other areas on the Lesser Sunda Islands, nominally under Portuguese sovereignty, to the Netherlands for 200,000 florins.
Lopes de Lima fell out of favor and was deposed and arrested when Lisabon learned of the treaty. On the return journey to Portugal he died in Batavia. From 1854 the agreements were renegotiated. The Lisbon Treaty finally confirmed the sale. The ratification took place in 1859. However, the old connections between Alor and the Portuguese Timor still existed for a long time. In 1886, the locals paid Alors an annual tribute to the Liurai of Liquiçá, in the form of rice, corn, cotton and more.
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Source (only indon. language)

Sejarah kerajaan Batulolong:  http://jonlambai.blogspot.co.id/2010/11/ringkasan-sejarah-perjalanan-raja.html
Injil masuk kerajaan Batulolong (2009)http://www.kompasiana.com/john.lambai.com/injil-masuk-kerajaan-batulolong-alor-ntt_55005c09a33311a872510cd6
– Daftar raja Batulolong sebelum penjajahan:  http://jonlambai.blogspot.co.id/2010/11/ringkasan-sejarah-perjalanan-raja.html
Daftar raja Batulolong abad ke-20, oleh D.P.Tick: https://batulolong.wordpress.com/2009/08/10/batulolongku/
Tentang raja Batulolong (2008): http://indonesianrecretion.blogspot.co.id/2008/09/raja-constantijn-karimalei-of.html
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– Sejarah pulau Alor di Wiki: link
– Alor duludan sekarang:  http://alor-kenari.blogspot.co.id/2012/01/alor-dulu-dan-sekarang.html
– Sejarah Suku Alor: http://suku-dunia.blogspot.nl/2014/08/sejarah-suku-alor-di-nusa-tenggara.html
– Sejarah pulau Alor: http://posalor.blogspot.co.id/2014/02/sejarah-pulau-alor.html
– Masuknya Islam di Alor: http://bz69elzam.blogspot.nl/2008/08/sekilas-sejarah-masuknya-islam-di-alor.html